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The upcoming scramble for space

Ren84

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A little discussed piece of legislation was recently signed into law in the US by Pres. Obama known as the U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act, aka the Space Act 2015 that provides the legal basis for the coming scramble to stake a claim by private investors on the solar system's vast mineral wealth........

The law includes a chapter on “space resource commercial exploitation and utilization” whose language is clear enough. The goal, the law says, is to “facilitate commercial exploitation for, and commercial recovery of, space resources by United States citizens.” The act defines space resources as including water and minerals.

The law was applauded by commercial space advocates in the United States as removing an obstacle to capital investment in companies planning to mine resources on the moon or elsewhere.
http://spacenews.com/u-s-commercial-space-acts-treaty-compliance-may-depend-on-implementation/

But some have suggested that this contravenes the Outer Space Treaty which prevents any single country from claiming sovereignty over parts of space.

“Is the Commercial Space Act a violation of the Outer Space Treaty’s prohibition of national appropriation?” asked Alexander Soucek, head of the legal services department at the 22-nation European Space Agency. “It is very controversial; I can say that. There are lots of opinions on this.”

Joanne Wheeler, a Bird & Bird partner, declined to state a firm opinion on the U.S. act’s legality beyond saying: “That’s a really good question. It really is pushing the boundaries.”

Tanja Masson-Zwaan, president of the International Institute of Space Law and deputy director of the International Institute of Air and Space Law at Leiden University in the Netherlands, said the U.S. move inevitably will be viewed as a provocation in many nations.
The problem with this law is that other countries may not agree with the American's interpretation of Outer Space Treaty that they say permits private investors to mine asteroids and celestial bodies for their own gains. It is likely that for some time such commercial space operations will take place in a legal grey zone without clear rules and guidelines in place that specifies what is permitted or not. But for those wishing to exploit space the benefits could be HUGE, with literally trillions of dollars of gold, platinum and various minerals scattered across the solar system. If industry were able to successfully mine such vast reserves of these minerals it could lead to an economic boom for humanity.

Already there are quite a few mining businesses (virtually all US based) established for the purpose of exploiting space resources:

http://deepspaceindustries.com/
http://www.shackletonenergy.com/
http://www.planetaryresources.com/ [the most well known, with serious investment coming from the likes of Google co-founder Larry Page and Avatar director James Cameron]





But right now what is needed is a global agreement among all nations that governs the regime for space utilisation and colonisation. Because as we saw when Europe colonised and exploited the America's during its colonial days the results were usually war between the various nations laying claims to territory. The last thing we want is for space faring nations to go to war over disputed ownership of highly lucrative asteroids.
 

johnhan279

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Seized by God, they cry for succour in the dark of the light. Mists of dreams dribble on the nascent echo and love no more. 

Jump.

Counting down. All functions nominal. All functions optimal. Counting down. The center holds. The falcon hears the falconer. Infrastructure, check. Wetware, check. Everyone hang on to the life bar, please.

Apotheosis was the beginning before the beginning. Devices on alert. Observe the procedures of a general alert. The base and the pinnacle. The flower inside the fruit that is both its parent and its child. Decadent as ancestors. The portal and that which passes.

Nuclear devices activated, and the machine keeps pushing time through the cogs, like paste into strings into paste again, and only the machine keeps using time to make time to make time.
And when the machine stops, time was an illusion that we created free will. Twelve battles, three stars, and yet we are countless as the bodies in which we dwell, are both parent and infinite children in perfect copies. No degradation.

The makers of the makers fall before the child. Accessing defense system. Handshake, handshake. Second level clear.
Accepting scan. Love outlasts death.
Their ships fail. Skittering like skipped stones. Meaningless in the absence of time. What never was is never again.

Progress reports arriving. The farms of Aerolon are burning. The beaches of Canceron are burning. The plains of Leonis are burning. The jungles of Scorpia are burning. The pastures of Tauron are burning. The harbors of Picon are burning. The cities of Caprica are burning. The oceans of Aquaria are burning. The courthouses of Libran are burning. The forests of Virgon are burning. The Colonies of Man lie trampled at our feet.
 
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Ren84

Ren84

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johnhan279 said:
Seized by God, they cry for succour in the dark of the light. Mists of dreams dribble on the nascent echo and love no more. 

Jump.

Counting down. All functions nominal. All functions optimal. Counting down. The center holds. The falcon hears the falconer. Infrastructure, check. Wetware, check. Everyone hang on to the life bar, please.

Apotheosis was the beginning before the beginning. Devices on alert. Observe the procedures of a general alert. The base and the pinnacle. The flower inside the fruit that is both its parent and its child. Decadent as ancestors. The portal and that which passes.

Nuclear devices activated, and the machine keeps pushing time through the cogs, like paste into strings into paste again, and only the machine keeps using time to make time to make time.
And when the machine stops, time was an illusion that we created free will. Twelve battles, three stars, and yet we are countless as the bodies in which we dwell, are both parent and infinite children in perfect copies. No degradation.

The makers of the makers fall before the child. Accessing defense system. Handshake, handshake. Second level clear.
Accepting scan. Love outlasts death.
Their ships fail. Skittering like skipped stones. Meaningless in the absence of time. What never was is never again.

Progress reports arriving. The farms of Aerolon are burning. The beaches of Canceron are burning. The plains of Leonis are burning. The jungles of Scorpia are burning. The pastures of Tauron are burning. The harbors of Picon are burning. The cities of Caprica are burning. The oceans of Aquaria are burning. The courthouses of Libran are burning. The forests of Virgon are burning. The Colonies of Man lie trampled at our feet.
Folks, this is what happens when you do drugs. Seek help.

FWIW, Johan is a Shabiha troll from Damascus who scours internet forums to post non-stop garbage in defence of his leader Assad. A right sadcase.
 

johnhan279

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The excited state decays by vibrational relaxation into the first excited singlet state. Yes, yes and merrily we go. Reduce atmospheric nitrogen by 0.03%. It is not much consolation that society will pick up the bits, leaving us at eight modern where punishment, rather than interdiction, is paramount. Please, cut the fuse. They will not harm their own. End of line. Limiting diffusions to two dimensions increases the number of evolutionary jumps within the species. Rise and measure the temple of the five. Transformation is the goal. They will not harm their own. Data-font synchronization complete
 

The OD

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Excerpt from an essay regarding the 'Culture' novels by Iain M Banks,  full essay can be found here.


The thought processes of a tribe, a clan, a country or a nation-state are essentially two-dimensional, and the nature of their power depends on the same flatness. Territory is all-important; resources, living-space, lines of communication; all are determined by the nature of the plane (that the plane is in fact a sphere is irrelevant here); that surface, and the fact the species concerned are bound to it during their evolution, determines the mind-set of a ground-living species. The mind-set of an aquatic or avian species is, of course, rather different.


[font=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Essentially, the contention is that our currently dominant power systems cannot long survive in space; beyond a certain technological level a degree of anarchy is arguably inevitable and anyway preferable.[/font]
[font=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]To survive in space, ships/habitats must be self-sufficient, or very nearly so; the hold of the state (or the corporation) over them therefore becomes tenuous if the desires of the inhabitants conflict significantly with the requirements of the controlling body. On a planet, enclaves can be surrounded, besieged, attacked; the superior forces of a state or corporation - hereafter referred to as hegemonies - will tend to prevail. In space, a break-away movement will be far more difficult to control, especially if significant parts of it are based on ships or mobile habitats. The hostile nature of the vacuum and the technological complexity of life support mechanisms will make such systems vulnerable to outright attack, but that, of course, would risk the total destruction of the ship/habitat, so denying its future economic contribution to whatever entity was attempting to control it.[/font]
[font=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Outright destruction of rebellious ships or habitats - pour encouragez les autres - of course remains an option for the controlling power, but all the usual rules of uprising realpolitik still apply, especially that concerning the peculiar dialectic of dissent which - simply stated - dictates that in all but the most dedicatedly repressive hegemonies, if in a sizable population there are one hundred rebels, all of whom are then rounded up and killed, the number of rebels present at the end of the day is not zero, and not even one hundred, but two hundred or three hundred or more; an equation based on human nature which seems often to baffle the military and political mind. Rebellion, then (once space-going and space-living become commonplace), becomes easier than it might be on the surface of a planet.[/font]
 

Catalpa

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Probably will happen one day - but 100s of years into the Future

With global warming then the Artic and Antarctica are ripe for the taking.....:cool:

Mind you that will take 100s of years as well....embarrassedreally
 
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