Galician Independence Movement
The Galician independence movement or the Galician separatist movent (Galician: independentismo galego) is a political movement, derived from Galician nationalism, which supports the independence of Galicia and Galicia estremeira (As Portelas, O Bierzo e Terra Eo-Navia) or the unification with Portugal.
The first realization was the organized political committee Comité Revoluzonareo Arredista Galego, formed by Fuco Gomez in Cuba in the 1920s, but during the Second Spanish Republic did not have much significance. In Argentina there was an association called Sociedade Nazonalista Pondal, active mostly in the 1930s.
In 1931, Galicia declared its independence. The next day, Galicia rejoined Spain.
The BNG and Anova-Nationalist Brotherhood, the two nationalist/secessionist political parties, have 15 of the 75 seats in the Galician Parliament.
Galician Nationalist Bloc
The Galician Nationalist Bloc (Galician: Bloque Nacionalista Galego, BNG) is a political coalition of left-wing Galician nationalist parties. It is self-defined as a "patriotic front".
Formed in 1982, under the guidance of historical leader Xosé Manuel Beiras, the BNG calls for further devolution of powers to the Parliament of Galicia and the official and unambiguous recognition of Galicia as a nation. The BNG also promotes affirmative action for the Galician language. The current leader – president of the National Council and national spokesperson – is Ana Pontón.
The BNG has strong ties with the Galician Trade Union Confederation (Confederación Intersindical Galega, CIG), with the student union Erguer-Estudantes da Galiza (Wake Up - Students of Galiza), the agrarian unions Galician Peasant Union (Sindicato Labrego Galego, SLG) and Galician Rural Federation (FRUGA), and with environmentalist, feminist and Galician language organizations.
From 2005 to 2009, BNG was part of a coalition government along with the Socialists' Party of Galicia, in which its leader, Anxo Quintana, served as the vice-president of the Galician regional government.